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Maianthemum canadense

false lily of the valley add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ground Covers

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium, high

Soil Moisture: moist, wet

Soil Description: acid, rich, loam

Height: 2"-8"

Bloom Time: April, May, June

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Additional Tags: attracts bees, berries, colonizing, fall interest, naturalizing, ornamental foliage, shade garden plant, woodland plant

Flower of Maianthemum canadense (false lily of the valley)
  • Flower of Maianthemum canadense (false lily of the valley)
  • Flower of Maianthemum canadense (false lily of the valley)
  • Flower of Maianthemum canadense (false lily of the valley)
  • Flower of Maianthemum canadense (false lily of the valley)

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Description

Maianthemum canadense

Also known as:

false lily of the valley

,

wild lily of the valley

,

western false lily of the valley

,

Canada mayflower

Scientific Synonyms:

Unifolium canadense

Description

Maianthemum canadense is a groundcover that bears 2-3 glossy green leaves per plant. They are ovate and heart-shaped at the base. New leaves grow in spring before clusters of small white flowers appear at the end of 6" tall stems. They are followed by tiny red berries in fall.

Cultivation

False lily-of-the-valley is an understory species well suited for woodland gardens. It prefers a rich,well drained, acidic soil that remains cool and moist during summer. It will form a carpet-like ground cover, rapidly colonizing by means of its rhizomes. Blooms May or June. Zones 3-7

Propagation

Propagate by division in fall. Propagate by planting fresh seeds that have been stripped of their pulp.

Additional Notes

Maianthemum canadense was first identified in Canada where it enjoys a vast native range. This lead to the botanical name canadense. The berries are a food source for birds and small animals.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: NJ
  • Threatened: KY

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae Lily family
Genus Maianthemum mayflower
Species Maianthemum canadense false lily of the valley