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Medeola virginiana

Indian cucumber add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: SALE, Perennials

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, loam, sand

Height: 1'-2'

Bloom Time: May, June

Bloom Color: yellow, green

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts birds, berries, shade garden plant, showy fruit, woodland plant

Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumber)
  • Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumber)
  • Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumber)
  • Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumber)
  • Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumber)

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Description

Medeola virginiana

Also known as:

Indian cucumber

,

Indian cucumber root

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Medeola virginiana is a woodland native perennial with unusual, elliptical, deeply veined leaves that combine around the slender stem to form large rays. The flowers are yellowish-green and gently nod downwards. These give way to green berries that turn do deep-purple as they ripen in fall.

Cultivation

Best grown in moist, humus rich, light soil in full shade or filtered light. Blooms in May or June. Zones 8-3.

Propagation

Propagate from fresh seeds that have been stripped of their flesh. Tubers may be separated and planted, when the plant goes dormant. Propagate by division in early spring.

Additional Notes

The tuberous roots resemble white baby carrots. They may be eaten cooked or raw, and have a flavor reminiscent of cucumber, hence the common name. Due to the the increased scarcity of the species in the wild, roots should only be collected from cultivated stock.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: FL, IL

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae Lily family
Genus Medeola Indian cucumber
Species Medeola virginiana Indian cucumber