Plant types and subtypes: Perennials
Light Requirements: part-shade, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: moist
Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, loam, sand
Bloom Time: May, June
Bloom Color: yellow, green
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: attracts birds, berries, shade garden plant, showy fruit, woodland plant
Pricing & Availability
Medeola virginianaAlso known as:
Indian cucumber root
Medeola virginiana is a woodland native perennial with unusual, elliptical, deeply veined leaves that combine around the slender stem to form large rays. The flowers are yellowish-green and gently nod downwards. These give way to green berries that turn do deep-purple as they ripen in fall.
Best grown in moist, humus rich, light soil in full shade or filtered light. Blooms in May or June. Zones 8-3.
Propagate from fresh seeds that have been stripped of their flesh. Tubers may be separated and planted, when the plant goes dormant. Propagate by division in early spring.
The tuberous roots resemble white baby carrots. They may be eaten cooked or raw, and have a flavor reminiscent of cucumber, hence the common name. Due to the the increased scarcity of the species in the wild, roots should only be collected from cultivated stock.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Endangered: FL, IL
|Species||Medeola virginiana||Indian cucumber|