Mixed Trilliums

Trillium erectum & Trillium grandiflorum add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: SALE, Perennials

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, rich, loam

Height: 12"-18"

Bloom Time: April, May, June

Bloom Color: white, red, crimson, purple, pink

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Additional Tags: berries, clumping, ornamental foliage, shade garden plant, woodland plant

Mixed Trilliums (Trillium erectum & Trillium grandiflorum)
  • Mixed Trilliums (Trillium erectum & Trillium grandiflorum)

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Description

Mixed Trilliums

Also known as:

Trillium erectum & Trillium grandiflorum

,

red trillium

,

purple trillium

,

stinking Benjamin

,

wakerobin

,

white trillium

,

snow trillium

,

large flower wakerobin

,

large-flowered trillium

,

large white trillium

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Please note: your order may include one or both species of Trilliums.

T. erectum:

Though the flowers of Trillium erectum are usually in shades of purple or crimson, they will sometimes tend towards light pink, and even whitish hues. The three petaled flowers appear mid to late spring, on 3" stems above the leaves, and will last for up to 3 weeks before giving way to fleshy berry-like fruit. The leaves can be up to 8" long, and across. The foliage dies back mid to late summer, when the plant enters dormancy.

T. grandiflorum:

White trillium is the largest species of the Trillium genus, hence the botanical name grandiflorum. The large, single flower appears atop a robust stem, above three veined, spade-like leaves. It is similar to, but larger than the Trillium flexipes. The blooms are long lasting, gradually turning to shades of pink as they age.

Cultivation

T. erectum:

Red trillium grows in deciduous forest, but likes being exposed to some direct sunlight early in its growing season. It prefers rich, organic, acid, well drained soil that remains consistently moist. Best planted in groups, it blooms mid to late spring, April or May. Combines beautifully with Phlox divaricata. One of the hardiest of trilliums: zones 3-7

T. grandiflorum:

A woodland wild flower, Trillium grandiflorum will tolerate a moderate amount of direct sun, making it a good candidate for a shade garden margin where it will thrive in part-shade. It prefers rich, organic, acid, well drained soil that remains consistently moist. Best planted in groups, it blooms in late spring, April to June. One of the hardiest Trilliums: zones 3-7

Propagation

T. erectum and T. grandiflorum:

Established clumps can be divided in summer. Slow to propagate from seed.

Additional Notes

T. erectum and T. grandiflorum:

Once established, the trilliums will form a clump with an increasing number of flowers. Mulching will help maintain adequate moisture and acidity levels. It has a slightly malodorous smell which it uses to attract its pollinators. All members of the Trillium genus have leaves and petals that grow in multiples of three, hence their botanical name.

 


Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, CT, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, NC, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WV

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae Lily family
Genus Trillium trillium
Species Mixed Trilliums Trillium erectum & Trillium grandiflorum