Sales of containerized plants have ended for 2017.

Please check back in spring 2018 for our full line of plugs, quarts, and more. Sign up for our email list or follow us on Facebook to stay informed.

Bare root sales continue throughout the winter.

Monarda clinopodia

white bergamot add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials

Light Requirements: part-sun, part-shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, average, loam, clay, sand

Height: 2'-4'

Bloom Time: June, July

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7

Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts butterflies, attracts hummingbirds, colonizing, deer resistant, fragrant flowers, naturalizing

Monarda clinopodia
  • Monarda clinopodia

Pricing & Availability

Description

Monarda clinopodia

Also known as:

white bergamot

,

basil bee balm

,

basil beebalm

,

basil-balm

Scientific Synonyms:

Monarda allophylla, Monarda fistulosa var. clinopodia

Description

Monarda clinopodia is exceptional among beebalms for producing blooms that are almost pure white. The flowers' form is typical of the genus, mildly fragrant, white to creamy-white, with lower lips dotted with small purple spots. The flowering stems can be branched or unbranched, and up to 4' tall depending on site conditions. The blooming period occurs mid-summer and lasts 2 to 3 weeks.

Cultivation

White bergamot is found primarily in the Appalachian range, growing in open woodlands and margins, as well as flood plains. It prefers filtered light, and is more shade-tolerant than most beebalms. It is not particular about soil so long as there is consistent moisture, and will adapt to thin sandy sites as well as those with heavy clay. Plants may flop if grown with too much shade, but are otherwise trouble-free and highly resistant to powdery mildew. This species will naturalize to form large colonies, particularly if grown in disturbed areas. Zones 5-7

Propagation

Propagate from seed, or clump divisions in early spring.

Additional Notes

Monarda clinopodia is attractive to a wide variety of pollinators, but is of particular interest to native bumblebees.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, CT, DC, DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, MI, MO, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: NJ, NY

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Lamiales
Family Lamiaceae Mint family
Genus Monarda beebalm
Species Monarda clinopodia white bergamot