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Monarda punctata

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Plant types and subtypes: Perennials

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: low

Soil Moisture: dry

Soil Description: neutral, average, poor, clay, sand

Height: 1'-3'

Bloom Time: June, July, August, September

Bloom Color: white, pink, lilac, lavender

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts butterflies, cottage garden plant, cut flowers, deer resistant, drought tolerant, edible, fragrant plant, medicinal, naturalizing, rock garden plant

Monarda punctata (spotted beebalm)
  • Monarda punctata (spotted beebalm)
  • Monarda punctata (spotted beebalm)
  • Monarda punctata (spotted beebalm)
  • Monarda punctata (spotted beebalm)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Monarda punctata

Also known as:

spotted beebalm

,

dotted horsemint

,

spotted horsemint

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Monarda punctata is a low growing wildflower that reaches a mature height of 1' to 3'. The whorled flowers form an elongated terminal spike. Bloom color is variable, typically cream-colored with purple spots, hence the common name spotted beebalm. This species benefits from large, showy, leafy, pinkish bracts that persist long after the flowers have withered, extending the period of interest. The hairy rigid stems are unbranched, reddish, and square as with other members of the Mint family. The leaves are lance-shaped, serrated, up to 3 1/2" long by 1" across, and have a fragrance similar to that of oregano.

Cultivation

Spotted beebalm prefers full sun, but will tolerate some shade. It is easy to grow, adapted to dry conditions, and average to poor, well drained soil. Individual plants are short-lived, particularly if grown in fertile, moist soil where they will easily be out-competed by other wildflowers. This species does however self-seed readily, creating permanent colonies. The blooming period lasts 1 to 2 months, between mid summer and early fall. It is a great choice for a sunny border, or in the front of a cottage garden.Zones 4-9

Propagation

Due to their taproots,plants are difficult to divide or transplant. Easy to propagate from seed.

Additional Notes

Monarda punctata can be considered deer resistant.The leaves have been used to make infusions to treat colds and fevers.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CA, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: OH, PA
  • Historical: KY

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Lamiales
Family Lamiaceae Mint family
Genus Monarda beebalm
Species Monarda punctata spotted beebalm