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Pachysandra procumbens

Allegheny spurge add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Evergreens, Ground Covers

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, loam, clay, sand

Height: 4"-10"

Bloom Time: March, April, May

Bloom Color: white, pink

Leaf Color: green, blue-green, silver, multi-color

Hardiness Zone: 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: creeping, evergreen, fall interest, fragrant flowers, mat-forming, naturalizing, ornamental foliage, poisonous, rare, shade garden plant, woodland plant

Pachysandra procumbens (Allegheny spurge)
  • Pachysandra procumbens (Allegheny spurge)
  • Pachysandra procumbens (Allegheny spurge)
  • Pachysandra procumbens (Allegheny spurge)
  • Pachysandra procumbens (Allegheny spurge)

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Pachysandra procumbens

Also known as:

Allegheny spurge


mountain spurge

Scientific Synonyms:


Allegheny spurge is an evergreen groundcover. Spikes of white or pink, fragrant, bottle brush-like flowers emerge in early spring before new leaf growth appears. The toothed leaves are dark green to blue-green. In fall, the foliage becomes marbled with silver veins.


Pachysandra procumbens is native to rich woods of the South Eastern US. It is easy to grow in a variety of soil conditions. Heavy clay should be avoided. If kept moist and under filtered light, it will make a wonderful ground cover. It is more attractive and less invasive than the more commonly grown Pachysandra terminalis. Weed control is recommended during establishment. A spring bloomer: April to May. Zones 6-8


Propagate by root division in August or September. By softwood cuttings in spring, or by layering.

Additional Notes

The foliage of Allegheny spurge can be toxic to animals. This species should be considered endangered, threatened, or vulnerable in all of its native range.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: FL, IN


Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Euphorbiales
Family Buxaceae Boxwood family
Genus Pachysandra pachysandra
Species Pachysandra procumbens Allegheny spurge