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Pachysandra procumbens

Allegheny spurge add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Evergreens, Ground Covers

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, loam, clay, sand

Height: 4"-10"

Bloom Time: March, April, May

Bloom Color: white, pink

Leaf Color: green, blue-green, silver, multi-color

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: creeping, evergreen, fall interest, fragrant flowers, mat-forming, naturalizing, ornamental foliage, poisonous, rare, shade garden plant, woodland plant

Pachysandra procumbens (Allegheny spurge)
  • Pachysandra procumbens (Allegheny spurge)
  • Pachysandra procumbens (Allegheny spurge)
  • Pachysandra procumbens (Allegheny spurge)
  • Pachysandra procumbens (Allegheny spurge)

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Pachysandra procumbens

Also known as:

Allegheny spurge


mountain spurge

Scientific Synonyms:


Pachysandra procumbens is superficially similar in appearance to its exotic and introduced cousin Pahysandra terminalis, with a few notable differences. The spikes of white to pink, bottlebrush-like flowers that emerge in early spring before new leaf growth emerges, are very fragrant. The toothed leaves are dark green to blue-green and, as fall progresses, become marbled with showy silver veins.


Pachysandra procumbens is native to rich woods of the South Eastern US. It is easy to grow in a variety of soil conditions. Heavy clay should be avoided. If kept moist and under filtered light, it will make a wonderful ground cover. It is more attractive and less invasive than the more commonly grown Pachysandra terminalis, and can be combined with other perennials without fear of them being choke out. Weed control is recommended during establishment. This species is evergreen within its native range - zones 6 and warmer - but is colder hardy well into zone 4 where it should be grown as a deciduous perennial. A spring bloomer: April to May. Zones 4-8


Propagate by root division in August or September. By softwood cuttings in spring, or by layering.

Additional Notes

The foliage of Allegheny spurge can be toxic to animals. This species should be considered endangered, threatened, or vulnerable in all of its native range.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: FL, IN


Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Euphorbiales
Family Buxaceae Boxwood family
Genus Pachysandra pachysandra
Species Pachysandra procumbens Allegheny spurge