Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ephemerals
Light Requirements: part-shade, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: moist
Soil Description: acid, rich, loam, clay
Bloom Time: April, May
Bloom Color: white
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: colonizing, deer resistant, edible, ephemeral, medicinal, ornamental foliage, shade garden plant, woodland plant
Pricing & Availability
Panax trifoliusAlso known as:
Panax trifolius is a diminutive relative of the larger Panax quinquefolius (American ginseng). It is a charming perennial woodland wildflower that only grows to a height of about 8". It produces a singular stem with whorled compound leaves composed of 3 to 5, up to 2" long serrate leaflets. Each plant produces a round terminal cluster of delicate white flowers about 1" across, and 3" above the foliage. These give way to small clusters of yellow berries.
Dwarf ginseng thrives in moist, rich environments with open shade. It is quick to establish, without being aggressive. It has a tuberous root system and will produce rhizomes on occasion. In due time, it can form open colonies, and can be effectively combined with other woodland species such as Trilliums, Podophyllum peltatum, Phlox divaricata, and more. The flowers last about 3 weeks during a period ranging from early to mid-spring. Zones 3-8
Best propagated by division during its dormancy period. The germination rate for the seeds is low, and they are best seeded while fresh.
Though the roots of Panax trifolius are edible, and have been use in traditional remedies, their medicinal value is undetermined which has saved the species from undergoing the same exploitation as the less fortunate Panax quinquefolius.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
CT, DC, DE, GA, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
|Species||Panax trifolius||dwarf ginseng|