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Panax trifolius

dwarf ginseng add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ephemerals

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, rich, loam, clay

Height: 4"-8"

Bloom Time: April, May

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: colonizing, deer resistant, edible, ephemeral, medicinal, ornamental foliage, shade garden plant, woodland plant

Panax trifolius (dwarf ginseng)
  • Panax trifolius (dwarf ginseng)
  • Panax trifolius (dwarf ginseng)

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Description

Panax trifolius

Also known as:

dwarf ginseng

,

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Panax trifolius is a diminutive relative of the larger Panax quinquefolius (American ginseng). It is a charming perennial woodland wildflower that only grows to a height of about 8". It produces a singular stem with whorled compound leaves composed of 3 to 5, up to 2" long serrate leaflets. Each plant produces a round terminal cluster of delicate white flowers about 1" across, and 3" above the foliage. These give way to small clusters of yellow berries.

Cultivation

Dwarf ginseng thrives in moist, rich environments with open shade. It is quick to establish, without being aggressive. It has a tuberous root system and will produce rhizomes on occasion. In due time, it can form open colonies, and can be effectively combined with other woodland species such as Trilliums, Podophyllum peltatum, Phlox divaricata, and more. The flowers last about 3 weeks during a period ranging from early to mid-spring. Zones 3-8

Propagation

Best propagated by division during its dormancy period. The germination rate for the seeds is low, and they are best seeded while fresh.

Additional Notes

Though the roots of Panax trifolius are edible, and have been use in traditional remedies, their medicinal value is undetermined which has saved the species from undergoing the same exploitation as the less fortunate Panax quinquefolius.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
CT, DC, DE, GA, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Apiales
Family Araliaceae Ginseng family
Genus Panax ginseng
Species Panax trifolius dwarf ginseng