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Parthenocissus quinquefolia

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Plant types and subtypes: Ground Covers, Vines

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist, wet

Soil Description: acid, neutral, alkaline, rich, average, poor, loam, clay, sand, gravel/rock

Height: 10'-50'

Bloom Time: May, June, July, August

Bloom Color: white, green

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Additional Tags: attracts birds, berries, climbing, colonizing, creeping, fall interest, naturalizing, ornamental foliage, salt tolerant, shade garden plant

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
  • Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
  • Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
  • Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
  • Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)

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Description

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Also known as:

Virginia creeper

,

American ivy

,

fiveleaved ivy

,

woodbine

Scientific Synonyms:

Ampelopsis latifolia, Ampelopsis quinquefolia, Hedera quinquefolia, Parthenocissus hirsuta, Parthenocissus inserta, Psedera quinquefolia, Vitis inserta, Vitis quinquefolia

Description

Parthenocissus quinquefolia is a deciduous, woody vine that either creeps, or climbs on trees, fences and stone structures via tendrils that are terminated with adhesive disks. The compound leaves are up to 6" across, and typically composed of 5 leaflets. These are ovate, coarsely serrated, and dark green. Fall foliage can be spectacular, with leaf colors varying from green , to yellow, orange and red on the same plant. Airborne plants will bloom, although the clusters of small green flowers are rather inconspicuous. However, these will give way clusters of purplish dark berries that are favored by many species of birds.

Cultivation

Virginia creeper can be found throughout the eastern US. There are few species that are this easy to grow. It will adapt to any light and soil conditions, and is drought and salt tolerant. It can be used effectively to control erosion, as a ground cover, or as an ornamental climber. Zones 3-10

Propagation

Propagate by sowing fresh seeds collected in fall. Stored seeds will require stratification before planting in spring. Easy to propagate hardwood, semi-hardwood cuttings, and by layering.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WI, WV

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rhamnales
Family Vitaceae Grape family
Genus Parthenocissus creeper
Species Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper