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Pedicularis canadensis

Canadian lousewort add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, loam

Height: 4"-12"

Bloom Time: April, May, June

Bloom Color: yellow, red, crimson

Leaf Color: gray-green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: medicinal, ornamental foliage, shade garden plant, woodland plant

Flowers of Pedicularis canadensis (wood betony)
  • Flowers of Pedicularis canadensis (wood betony)
  • Flowers of Pedicularis canadensis (wood betony)
  • Flowers of Pedicularis canadensis (wood betony)
  • Flowers of Pedicularis canadensis (wood betony)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Pedicularis canadensis

Also known as:

Canadian lousewort

,

wood betony

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Pedicularis canadensis is a deciduous perennial with interesting, feathery fern-like foliage. The yellow-pink-maroon flowers spin out in whorls at the end of 12" stalks. Each flower is surrounded by many green bracts giving the inflorescence an interesting multi-colored pattern.

Cultivation

A woodland native, found in the eastern 2/3 of North America, Canadian lousewort enjoys acidic, well drained soils in full to part shade. It is semi-parasitic and gets some of its nutrients from the roots of neighboring plants. We are currently researching what species make good host plants. Blooms April through June. Zones 3-8

Propagation

Propagate from seed or division in spring.

Additional Notes

The genus common name, lousewort, is derived from the missbelief that animals grazing on this plant would contract lice. Root infusions have been used as a gastrointestinal aid.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Scrophulariales
Family Scrophulariaceae Figwort family
Genus Pedicularis lousewort
Species Pedicularis canadensis Canadian lousewort