Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Deciduous
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: moist
Soil Description: acid, rich, loam
Bloom Time: April, May, June
Bloom Color: white
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts birds, berries, colonizing, edible, fall interest, hedging plant, naturalizing, showy fruit, stream margin plant
Pricing & Availability
Photinia melanocarpaAlso known as:
Aronia arbutifolia, Aronia melanocarpa, Aronia nigra, Pyrus arbutifolia, Pyrus melanocarpa, Sorbus melanocarpa
Photinia melanocarpa is a medium-sized deciduous shrub that rarely exceeds a mature height of 6'. It has a rounded open form. The leaves are oval, finely serrated, dark green and glossy. They display intense fall colors in shades of orange, crimson, purple and bronze. Clusters of showy white flowers appear in spring, followed by equally showy clusters of edible berry-like fruit (pomes) that turn blue-black as they ripen by late summer. These do not persist on the plant and tend to shrivel up and drop by early to mid-fall.
Black chokeberry is an overall attractive shrub. It is easy to grow in acidic, rich, moist soil. It is somewhat tolerant of wet soils so long as they are well drained, and can be planted along streams or pond margins. It will tolerate light shade, but flower and fruit production will be at their best in full sun. Mature plants will have the tendency to produce suckers, and their branches will root if they come in contact with the soil. It does this in a non-aggressive, easy to control manner, producing dense colonies. A good choice for foundation plantings or hedgerows. It is recommended to regularly remove older stems to maintain a healthy, compact appearance, and abundant flower and fruit production. Flowering times are in spring but will vary from April to June depending on geographic location. Zones 3-7
Easily propagated from freshly collected seeds in fall that have been thoroughly removed from any flesh. Stored seeds will require a couple of months of cold, moist stratification to break their dormancy. It is also easily propagated from softwood cuttings and by layering.
Though the fruit are edible, they are very tart, hence the common name "chokeberry". They are highly valued in Europe where they are used in the commercial production of jams, jellies and fruit juices.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Endangered: IA
|Species||Photinia melanocarpa||black chokeberry|