Pinus palustris

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Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Evergreens, Conifers

Light Requirements: sun

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: acid, average, poor, loam, sand

Height: 60'-100'

Bloom Time: January, December

Bloom Color: brown

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 7, 8, 9

Additional Tags: drought tolerant, evergreen, fall interest, fragrant plant

Pinus palustris (longleaf pine)
  • Pinus palustris (longleaf pine)
  • Pinus palustris (longleaf pine)
  • Pinus palustris (longleaf pine)
  • Pinus palustris (longleaf pine)

Pricing & Availability


Pinus palustris

Also known as:

longleaf pine


Georgia pine


longstraw pine


southern yellow pine

Scientific Synonyms:

Pinus australis


Longleaf pine is a southern, evergreen conifer. It has an open form and can reach majestic heights in excess of 100'. Its bright green needles grow in clusters and are the longest of the southeastern pine's, growing up to 15" in length. It also produces large cones and seeds. The trees and their needle litter emit a lovely fragrance, particularly on a hot summer day.


Pinus palustris is native to the mid-Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains. It likes acidic, well drained, moist, sandy soils. It can grow in poor soil. Its extensive root system and tap root make it drought tolerant. Zones 7-9


Propagate from seed. Seedlings will go through a grass-like stage for up to 3 years, until they develop a strong root system and tap root. They will grow rapidly thereafter: 10' in 3 years.

Additional Notes

Pinus palustris is an airy southern conifer. The pine needles make a fragrant and visually pleasing mulch (pine straw). The trees have been commercially tapped for turpentine gum. The lumber is straight, clear, and prized for construction and ship building. The seeds are a food source for a variety of birds and small mammals. This is a good species for the reforestation of sandy, nutrient depleted southern lands.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:


Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae Pine family
Genus Pinus pine
Species Pinus palustris longleaf pine