Prunella vulgaris

common selfheal add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: SALE, Perennials, Ground Covers

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: rich, average

Height: 6"-12"

Bloom Time: July, August, September

Bloom Color: purple, lavender, blue

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts butterflies, colonizing, deer resistant, mat-forming, medicinal, naturalizing

Prunella vulgaris (common selfheal)
  • Prunella vulgaris (common selfheal)
  • Prunella vulgaris (common selfheal)
  • Prunella vulgaris (common selfheal)

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Description

Prunella vulgaris

Also known as:

common selfheal

,

self-heal

,

all heal

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Prunella vulgaris is a short-growing, mat-forming, perennial ground cover. The stems are 6 to 12" tall, and distinctly square as is typical of other members of the Mint family. The leaves are lance-shaped with mostly smooth margins, and up to 2 1/2" long by 1" wide. The terminal flowering spikes are dense and tubular, and borne atop a central stem. The individual flowers are tubular, irregular, and rather intricate with an upper petal that serves as a hood, and a lower petal with 2 rounded lobes on either side of a fringed center lobe. The bloom color and intensity can be variable within shades of blue, lavender and purple.

Cultivation

Selheal is easy to grow in full sun to part-shade, and any type of soil that is rich and moist. It produces a taproot so it is somewhat tolerant of dry spells once established. It will spread vegetatively and by seed to form a dense ground cover, and can become aggressive in disturbed areas void of competition. It can be used as an effective "green mulch" to fill in gaps in the lower layer between tall-growing perennials. The blooming period will last at least a month from mid-summer to early fall, and is very variable depending on growing conditions. Zones 3-9

Propagation

Easy to propagate from seed or by division.

Additional Notes

Prunella vulgaris is very attractive to pollinators, and highly resistant to animal browsing. Unlike most members of the Mint family, the plant has no discernible fragrance. It has been used for hundreds of years in traditional medicine, and to this day is still considered a panacea.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Lamiales
Family Lamiaceae Mint family
Genus Prunella selfheal
Species Prunella vulgaris common selfheal