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Prunus pensylvanica

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Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Shrub-like Trees, Deciduous

Light Requirements: shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, average, loam, sand, gravel/rock

Height: 15'-50'

Bloom Time: May

Bloom Color: white

Hardiness Zone: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, berries, colonizing, fall interest, fragrant flowers, naturalizing, showy fruit

Prunus pensylvanica (pin cherry)
  • Prunus pensylvanica (pin cherry)
  • Prunus pensylvanica (pin cherry)
  • Prunus pensylvanica (pin cherry)
  • Prunus pensylvanica (pin cherry)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Prunus pensylvanica

Also known as:

pin cherry

,

fire cherry

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Prunus pensylvanica is a deciduous that can vary greatly in form, based on soil conditions and geographic location. It will grow to 50' or more, under ideal conditions and in the southern parts of its range, but might not grow taller than 15' in the northern parts of its range. It bears small clusters of fragrant white flowers in spring, followed be small red, edible cherries. foliage produces good fall color. The bark is typical of cherry trees, and is reddish bronze on mature specimens.

Cultivation

Pin cherry is a boreal species, meaning it can subsist as far north as the Arctic circle. It will grow in a wide variety of soils, from fine-texture to coarse, well-drained to heavy. however it does not like having wet feet, and consistently wet areas are to be avoided. It prefers a high level of acidity. This a fast growing, short-lived species, rarely living more than 40 years. Blooms in mid-spring. Extremely hardy: zones 2-6

Propagation

To propagate from seed, best results are achieved when they are sown immediately when ripe. Dried seeds lose viability. Can be propagated by softwood, semi-hardwood, or root cuttings. Trees have shallow root systems and suckers can easily be removed and transplanted.

Additional Notes

The fast growing wood of this tree can be weak, and the upper limbs of tall specimens tend to break under heavy snow or ice. The cherries are small, but can be cooked to make jams or syrup. Leaves and twigs are toxic.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
CO, CT, GA, IA, IL, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MT, NC, ND, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SD, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Rare: IN

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rosales
Family Rosaceae Rose family
Genus Prunus plum
Species Prunus pensylvanica pin cherry