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Psychotria nervosa

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Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Evergreens

Light Requirements: part-sun, part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, alkaline, rich, average, poor, loam, clay, sand

Height: 5'-15'

Bloom Time: April, May, June, July, August, September

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 8, 9, 10, 11

Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, berries, evergreen, fall interest, hedging plant, showy fruit

Psychotria nervosa (wild coffee)
  • Psychotria nervosa (wild coffee)
  • Psychotria nervosa (wild coffee)
  • Psychotria nervosa (wild coffee)

Pricing & Availability


Psychotria nervosa

Also known as:

wild coffee


Seminole balsamo

Scientific Synonyms:

Psychotria lanceolata, Psychotria nervosa var. lanceolata, Psychotria portoricensis, Psychotria undata


A south Florida native, Psychotria nervosa is a showy evergreen shrub with deep green, waxy, deeply veined leaves. The white flowers are inconspicuous, but give way to attractive red berries that resemble coffee beans, hence the common name wild coffee.


This multi-trunk shrub is highly adaptable. It can used as mass plantings, trimmed to create espaliers, hedges and privacy screens, or grown as a moderate height specimen (up to 15 foot tall). It is tolerant of poor soil so long as it is well drained and remains moist. Its form and foliage will be more attractive when planted in filtered light. Full sun is acceptable but will cause the leaves to yellow prematurely. Blooms during spring and summer, Apr-Sept. Frost tender, it might need protection in zone 9. Zones 8-11


Propagate from seeds that have been stripped of their flesh. Can also be propagated from semi-hardwood cuttings or by layering.

Additional Notes

Psychotria nervosa is a member of the Madder family, which includes "true" coffee and quinine.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:


Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Rubiales
Family Rubiaceae Madder family
Genus Psychotria wild coffee
Species Psychotria nervosa wild coffee