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Quercus coccinea

scarlet oak add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: acid, average, poor, sand

Height: 50'-75'

Bloom Time: April, May

Bloom Color: yellow, green

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts birds, fall interest, ornamental foliage, shade tree, showy fruit

Quercus coccinea  (scarlet oak)
  • Quercus coccinea  (scarlet oak)
  • Quercus coccinea  (scarlet oak)
  • Quercus coccinea  (scarlet oak)
  • Quercus coccinea  (scarlet oak)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Quercus coccinea

Also known as:

scarlet oak

,

red oak

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Quercus coccinea is a stately oak. Relatively fast growing, it will commonly grow to 75', though wild specimens have been reported reaching 150'. Mature trees have a well rounded, symmetrical form. The dark-green leaves are deeply cut, with pointed lobes. The turn brilliant shades of scarlet red in fall. The male catkins and female flowers are nondescript. The acorns are showy and up to an inch long.

Cultivation

Scarlet oak is easy to grow and problem free. It is often used for its ornamental value, and effectiveness as a shade tree. It is well adapted to dry conditions and poor soil. It is a commonly used tree in urban environments. Blooms April or May. Zones 4-8

Propagation

Propagate from seed.

Additional Notes

The lumber from Quercus coccinea is marketed as red oak. Acorns are an important food source for birds, and mammals small or large.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: ME

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Fagaceae Beech family
Genus Quercus oak
Species Quercus coccinea scarlet oak