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Quercus lyrata

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Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist, wet

Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, average, poor, loam, clay, sand, gravel/rock

Height: 30'-50'

Bloom Time: April, May

Bloom Color: yellow

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: fall interest, pond margin plant, shade tree, showy fruit, stream margin plant

Quercus lyrata (overcup oak)
  • Quercus lyrata (overcup oak)
  • Quercus lyrata (overcup oak)
  • Quercus lyrata (overcup oak)
  • Quercus lyrata (overcup oak)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Quercus lyrata

Also known as:

overcup oak

,

swamp post oak

,

swamp white oak

,

water white oak

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Quercus lyrata is a slow growing, deciduous shade tree with a round, open form that can reach a height of 50' with a 40' spread. This is a sturdy tree that naturally develops a strong trunk. It has leathery, green, narrow leaves that are deeply lobed and turn rich shades of brown in fall. The flowers are unremarkable and born on catkins. The roundish acorns are distinctive for they are almost entirely covered by the cup, hence the common name overcup oak. These will not be produced until the tree is 20 to 25 years old.

Cultivation

Native to the southeastern lowlands of the U.S., overcup oak is adapted to seasonal flooding. Though it tolerates both "wet feet" and drought, it does best in well drained, rich, acidic soil. It will require little or no pruning to develop a strong trunk. The lower limbs can be pruned at the trunk to provide desired clearance. Though it is not commonly sold commercially, it is ornamental and easy to grow in virtually any soil. Blooms in April or May. Zones 6-8

Propagation

Propagate from seed.

Additional Notes

Mature overcup oak produce large quantities of acorns, which provide an important food source for the local wildlife, both large and small. Though the wood is dense, heavy and strong, it is usually plagued by defects and is of little commercial value.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AR, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: NJ

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Fagaceae Beech family
Genus Quercus oak
Species Quercus lyrata overcup oak