Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Deciduous
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: dry, moist
Soil Description: acid, neutral, average, loam, clay, sand, gravel/rock
Bloom Time: May
Bloom Color: yellow
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, shade tree
Pricing & Availability
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Quercus rubraAlso known as:
northern red oak,
Quercus rubra is a medium to large shade tree that typically grows to a height of 50' to 90'. It has an irregular, roundish ovoid shape, with a straight trunk, and a wide canopy that can match 3/4 of the tree's height. The emerging leaf buds are conspicuously red, and develop into toothed, shallowly-lobed dark green leaves at maturity. It produces large acorns that are up to 1 1/2" long and almost as wide, with shallow caps. Fall brings on quite a color show when the leaves develop intense shades of red.
Northern red oak is one of the faster growing oak species. That, along with a good tolerance of pollution, moderate levels of salinity, and dry conditions once established, make it a popular choice for use in urban areas. It transplants easily, is low maintenance, and adapted to most soil textures but with a preference to those that provide good drainage. A very hardy species. Zones 4-8
Propagate from seed. Although seedlings do best under shade conditions, they will quickly require sun to develop properly.
Quercus rubra is very valuable to wildlife; it is a host plant to large number of species of insects, provides shelter and nesting for a variety of birds, and its abundant production of acorns feeds many mammals, both small and large. The lumber of this species is commercially valuable, and used for furniture, veneers, flooring, and high quality firewood. The common name is a reference to the color of the wood, leaf petioles, and fall foliage.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
|Species||Quercus rubra||northern red oak|