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Quercus rubra

northern red oak add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: low

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, average, loam, clay, sand, gravel/rock

Height: 50'-90'

Bloom Time: May

Bloom Color: yellow

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, shade tree

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)
  • Quercus rubra (northern red oak)
  • Quercus rubra (northern red oak)
  • Quercus rubra (northern red oak)
  • Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Quercus rubra

Also known as:

northern red oak

,

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Quercus rubra is a medium to large shade tree that typically grows to a height of 50' to 90'. It has an irregular, roundish ovoid shape, with a straight trunk, and a wide canopy that can match 3/4 of the tree's height. The emerging leaf buds are conspicuously red, and develop into toothed, shallowly-lobed dark green leaves at maturity. It produces large acorns that are up to 1 1/2" long and almost as wide, with shallow caps. Fall brings on quite a color show when the leaves develop intense shades of red.

Cultivation

Northern red oak is one of the faster growing oak species. That, along with a good tolerance of pollution, moderate levels of salinity, and dry conditions once established, make it a popular choice for use in urban areas. It transplants easily, is low maintenance, and adapted to most soil textures but with a preference to those that provide good drainage. A very hardy species. Zones 4-8

Propagation

Propagate from seed. Although seedlings do best under shade conditions, they will quickly require sun to develop properly.

Additional Notes

Quercus rubra is very valuable to wildlife; it is a host plant to large number of species of insects, provides shelter and nesting for a variety of birds, and its abundant production of acorns feeds many mammals, both small and large. The lumber of this species is commercially valuable, and used for furniture, veneers, flooring, and high quality firewood. The common name is a reference to the color of the wood, leaf petioles, and fall foliage.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Fagaceae Beech family
Genus Quercus oak
Species Quercus rubra northern red oak