Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Deciduous
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: dry, moist
Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, average, poor, loam, clay, sand, gravel/rock
Bloom Time: March, April, May
Bloom Color: yellow, green
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Additional Tags: edible, fall interest, medicinal, poisonous, showy fruit
Pricing & Availability
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Quercus velutinaAlso known as:
Quercus velutina is the most common oak found in the eastern US. It is a large deciduous tree often reaching heights over 80'. Old growth specimens can be 200 years old and 150' tall. The form is open and irregular. Its pointed-lobed leaves are glossy green, turning beautiful shades of yellow and red in fall. The yellowish flowers are unremarkable, born on catkins that appear along with new leaf growth in early spring. Mature trees produce an abundance of acorns that provide important sustenance for wildlife in winter and fall.
Native to the uplands and foothills of the Appalachians, Black oak can be found as far west as Nebraska. It is well adapted to coarse, gravely environments, and thrives in rich, well drained soil. It is best planted in full to part sun. Blooms March to May, depending on geographic location. Zones 4-9
Propagate from seed. No pretreatment is required.
Black oak acorns are edible, but only after tannins have been removed. Processed nuts have been made into flour, fried, or added to soup. The distinctive yellowish, red inner bark has been used in traditional medicine as well as to make a yellow dye. The lumber is highly sought after for flooring and furniture manufacturing, and marketed as red oak.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV
|Species||Quercus velutina||black oak|