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Quercus velutina

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Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, average, poor, loam, clay, sand, gravel/rock

Height: 40'-80'

Bloom Time: March, April, May

Bloom Color: yellow, green

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Additional Tags: edible, fall interest, medicinal, poisonous, showy fruit

Foliage of Quercus velutina (black oak)
  • Foliage of Quercus velutina (black oak)
  • Quercus velutina (black oak)
  • Quercus velutina (black oak)
  • Quercus velutina (black oak)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Quercus velutina

Also known as:

black oak

,

yellow oak

,

quercitron

,

quercitron oak

,

yellowbark oak

,

smoothbark oak

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Quercus velutina is the most common oak found in the eastern US. It is a large deciduous tree often reaching heights over 80'. Old growth specimens can be 200 years old and 150' tall. The form is open and irregular. Its pointed-lobed leaves are glossy green, turning beautiful shades of yellow and red in fall. The yellowish flowers are unremarkable, born on catkins that appear along with new leaf growth in early spring. Mature trees produce an abundance of acorns that provide important sustenance for wildlife in winter and fall.

Cultivation

Native to the uplands and foothills of the Appalachians, Black oak can be found as far west as Nebraska. It is well adapted to coarse, gravely environments, and thrives in rich, well drained soil. It is best planted in full to part sun. Blooms March to May, depending on geographic location. Zones 4-9

Propagation

Propagate from seed. No pretreatment is required.

Additional Notes

Black oak acorns are edible, but only after tannins have been removed. Processed nuts have been made into flour, fried, or added to soup. The distinctive yellowish, red inner bark has been used in traditional medicine as well as to make a yellow dye. The lumber is highly sought after for flooring and furniture manufacturing, and marketed as red oak.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Fagaceae Beech family
Genus Quercus oak
Species Quercus velutina black oak