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Rosa palustris

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Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist, wet

Soil Description: acid, rich, loam, clay, sand

Height: 3'-7'

Bloom Time: May, June, July, August, September

Bloom Color: pink

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts birds, attracts butterflies, bog plant, fall interest, fragrant flowers, hedging plant, pond margin plant, showy fruit, stream margin plant, swamp plant, wetland plant

Rosa palustris (swamp rose)
  • Rosa palustris (swamp rose)
  • Rosa palustris (swamp rose)
  • Rosa palustris (swamp rose)
  • Rosa palustris (swamp rose)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Rosa palustris

Also known as:

swamp rose

,

Scientific Synonyms:

Rosa floridana, Rosa lancifolia

Description

Rosa palustris is a deciduous shrub with multiple erect stems that bear stout, 1/4" thorns. Mature plants grow to 7' and occasionally taller. The leaves are dark green, hairy, serrated, pinnately compound with seven, 1 1/2" leaflets. The single, pink flowers are up to 2" across and very fragrant. Though individual flowers are short lived, they are abundant for a couple of months in mid season. In fall, these give way to bright red, round rose hips.

Cultivation

Native to bogs, swamps and wetlands throughout the eastern US, Rosa palustris is a moisture loving plant. It does best in acidic, rich, loamy, consistently wet or moist soil, in full to part sun. Plants can withstand inundation to 3", for as much as 3/4 of the year. A layer of mulch is recommended when planted in dry conditions, to maintain adequate soil moisture and acidity. If pruning is required, this should be done in late winter because only new growth will bear flowers. Use as a garden specimen, or in mass plantings, to form hedges and screens. Bloom time will vary depending on geographic location: May through September. Zones 3-8

Propagation

Collected fruit will need to be macerated to extract the seeds. Stored seeds require stratification before sowing. Propagate by hardwood and softwood cuttings, or by root division.

Additional Notes

An attractive native rose that can be grown under typical garden conditions where the soil is not allowed to dry out for extended periods. Swamp rose is an important source for food and shelter for a multitude of bird species.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rosales
Family Rosaceae Rose family
Genus Rosa rose
Species Rosa palustris swamp rose