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Rosa virginiana

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Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist, wet

Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, average, loam, clay, sand

Height: 3'-6'

Bloom Time: June, July, August

Bloom Color: pink

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7

Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts birds, attracts butterflies, berries, edible, fall interest, fragrant flowers, medicinal, naturalizing, salt tolerant, showy fruit

Rosa virginiana (Virginia rose)
  • Rosa virginiana (Virginia rose)
  • Rosa virginiana (Virginia rose)
  • Rosa virginiana (Virginia rose)
  • Rosa virginiana (Virginia rose)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Rosa virginiana

Also known as:

Virginia rose

,

pasture rose

,

wild rose

,

common wild rose

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Virginia rose is a dense, bushy shrub that grows to a height of 6 feet. The glossy, deep green leaves provide good fall interest, when they will turn bright shades of yellow to red. The stems bear compact, hooked thorns. Fragrant flowers appear in clusters of 3 to 8. These come in shades of pink; from whitish to purplish, and are comprised of 5 petals 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches wide. In late summer to early fall, flowers give way to bright red fruit, known as "hips", which are edible and an good food source for wildlife.

Cultivation

Rosa virginiana is highly ornamental, easy to grow and adaptable to a wide variety of soils, from well drained and sandy, to heavy clay. It prefers a sunny location but may be planted in filtered light and part shade. Sometimes found bordering salt marshes, it is quite salt tolerant. Virginia rose will naturalize under ideal conditions, forming large thickets. Flowers can be deadheaded to extend the bloom time which can be from June through August. Zones 4-7

Propagation

Best propagated by rooting semi-hardwood cuttings, or by separating suckers from mature plants. Can be propagated from seed, but the process is tricky and slow. Seeds can take up to 2 years to germinate.

Additional Notes

Petals and hips are edible. The latter can be eaten raw or cooked, made into preserves or dried and brewed into tea. Stems and roots have been used in traditional medicine and are the subject of ongoing research.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IL, MA, MD, ME, MO, NC, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, TN, VA, VT

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rosales
Family Rosaceae Rose family
Genus Rosa rose
Species Rosa virginiana Virginia rose