Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Deciduous
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: dry, moist, wet
Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, average, loam, clay, sand
Bloom Time: June, July, August
Bloom Color: pink
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7
Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts birds, attracts butterflies, berries, edible, fall interest, fragrant flowers, medicinal, naturalizing, salt tolerant, showy fruit
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Rosa virginianaAlso known as:
common wild rose
Virginia rose is a dense, bushy shrub that grows to a height of 6 feet. The glossy, deep green leaves provide good fall interest, when they will turn bright shades of yellow to red. The stems bear compact, hooked thorns. Fragrant flowers appear in clusters of 3 to 8. These come in shades of pink; from whitish to purplish, and are comprised of 5 petals 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches wide. In late summer to early fall, flowers give way to bright red fruit, known as "hips", which are edible and an good food source for wildlife.
Rosa virginiana is highly ornamental, easy to grow and adaptable to a wide variety of soils, from well drained and sandy, to heavy clay. It prefers a sunny location but may be planted in filtered light and part shade. Sometimes found bordering salt marshes, it is quite salt tolerant. Virginia rose will naturalize under ideal conditions, forming large thickets. Flowers can be deadheaded to extend the bloom time which can be from June through August. Zones 4-7
Best propagated by rooting semi-hardwood cuttings, or by separating suckers from mature plants. Can be propagated from seed, but the process is tricky and slow. Seeds can take up to 2 years to germinate.
Petals and hips are edible. The latter can be eaten raw or cooked, made into preserves or dried and brewed into tea. Stems and roots have been used in traditional medicine and are the subject of ongoing research.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IL, MA, MD, ME, MO, NC, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, TN, VA, VT
|Species||Rosa virginiana||Virginia rose|