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Salix nigra

black willow add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: high

Soil Moisture: moist, wet

Soil Description: average, loam, clay, sand

Height: 30'-100'

Bloom Time: March, April, May, June

Bloom Color: yellow

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, bog plant, fall interest, fragrant flowers, medicinal, ornamental foliage, pond margin plant, salt tolerant, shade tree, stream margin plant, swamp plant, wetland plant

Salix nigra  (black willow)
  • Salix nigra  (black willow)
  • Salix nigra  (black willow)
  • Salix nigra  (black willow)
  • Salix nigra  (black willow)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Salix nigra

Also known as:

black willow

,

gulf black willow

Scientific Synonyms:

Salix ambigua, Salix denudata, Salix dubia, Salix falcata, Salix flavovirens, Salix ligustrina, Salix ludoviciana, Salix purshiana

Description

Though young specimens of Salix nigra are often multi-trunked and might appear shrub-like, this in fact is a fast growing tree, and the large native willow. Mature individuals have been recorded to reach heights of 100' to 140', with diameters exceeding 12'.

Cultivation

Due to its shallow root system, black willow is best planted where it will receive constant moisture. It can be subjected to regular and permanent inundation, and is tolerant of low to moderate amounts of salt.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Salicales
Family Salicaceae Willow family
Genus Salix willow
Species Salix nigra black willow