Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ephemerals, Ground Covers
Light Requirements: part-shade, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: moist, wet
Soil Description: acid, neutral, alkaline, rich, loam, clay, sand
Bloom Time: March, April, May
Bloom Color: white
Leaf Color: green, gray-green
Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: deer resistant
Pricing & Availability
Sanguinaria canadensisAlso known as:
Bloodroot emerges in early spring as a single, vertical leaf, wrapped around a single flower bud. The solitary white flower appears before the large, deeply cleft, green-gray leaf has completely unfurled. When planted in masses, the foliage will provide an attractive, low growing (up to 12 inches), ephemeral groundcover through mid to late summer, at which point the plants will go dormant and die back.
Native to rich woodlands and shaded stream margins, Sanguinaria canadensis will do well in a variety of moist, well drained soils, where it will rapidly form colonies. It can tolerate more sun in cooler climates. The attractive flowers open during the day and close at night. However, as with other members of the Poppy family, these blooms are short lived. An early spring bloomer; March through May. Zones 3-8
Propagate from seed, sowing immediately after collection, or by division in fall or early spring.
Bloodroot contains morphine-like alkaloids that can be highly toxic if ingested. The red sap, for which the genus is name "Sanguinaria", which means blood, was used as a dye by Native Americans. It can however harm the skin, therefore plants are best handled with gloves. Bloodroot has been used as a cure for skin cancer and other ailments, but its medicinal properties are still being evaluated.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Exploitably Vulnerable: NY
- Special Concern: RI