Plant types and subtypes: Perennials
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun
Water Use: high
Soil Moisture: wet
Soil Description: acid, poor
Bloom Time: April, May
Bloom Color: yellow
Leaf Color: green, lime-green, yellow
Hardiness Zone: 7, 8
Additional Tags: bog plant, colonizing, fragrant plant, naturalizing, ornamental foliage, pond margin plant, swamp plant, wetland plant
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Sarracenia flavaAlso known as:
Sarracenia flava is a carnivorous perennial with erect, trumpet-shaped, rolled-up leaves that form the "pitcher". The uppermost part of the leaf flares into a lid with a reddish-purple throat. This hood-like cover prevents excess rainwater from diluting the digestive juice at the bottom of the pitcher. In spring, a large flower with drooping, yellow petals on a long stalk, rises above the leave to a height of 3 feet or more under optimum conditions.
This conspicuous species forms colonies in wet pinelands and bogs of the Southeastern coastal plains. Yellow pitcherplants need the acidic, nutrient poor muck of wetlands and bogs, and a position in full to part-sun. At no time should this plant's environment be allowed to dry out, yet care should be taken to ensure that the crown is not submerged for prolonged periods of time. In most gardens, creating a "mini bog" in non-draining plastic containers might be the best method to cultivate pitcherplants. Potting medium should consist of peat, vermiculite, perlite and sand. Traditional potting mixes, or the use of fertilizers may kill the plant. This plant may be considered evergreen in warmer climates and should be wintered indoors in colder ones. Bloom times are in April and May. Zones 7-8
Propagate by division. Pitcherplants may be propagated from seed, but this is a difficult process and new plants may take 4 to 5 years to reach maturity.
Insects and other small organisms drown in the pitcher and their soft parts are digested with the help of enzymes and bacteria. Carnivorous plants developed this ability, to compensate for the nutrient poor environment in which they grow. Strict adherence to growing requirements must be followed for this plant to thrive.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, FL, GA, NC, NJ, SC, VA
USDA Endangered Status:
- Unusual: GA
|Species||Sarracenia flava||yellow pitcherplant|