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Schoenoplectus americanus

chairmaker's bulrush add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Grasses, Sedges

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: high

Soil Moisture: wet

Soil Description: loam, clay, sand

Height: 3'-5'

Bloom Time: May, June

Bloom Color: brown

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Additional Tags: attracts birds, colonizing, emergent, naturalizing, ornamental foliage, salt tolerant, wetland plant

Schoenoplectus americanus (chairmaker's bulrush)
  • Schoenoplectus americanus (chairmaker's bulrush)

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Description

Schoenoplectus americanus

Also known as:

chairmaker's bulrush

,

American bulrush

,

Olney’s three-square

,

threecornered grass

,

three-cornered sedge

,

bayonet rush

,

three square sedge

,

American three square

Scientific Synonyms:

Scirpus americanus, Scirpus chilensis, Scirpus conglomeratus, Scirpus olneyi, Scirpus pungens var. longisetus

Description

Schoenoplectus americanusis a tall member of the Sedge family that typically grows to a height of 5', although it's been known to reach 7' or more. The leaf blades are erect, flat, and sometimes rolled in along the edges. The flower-bearing stems are about 3' tall and conspicuously triangular, hence the species is also commonly known as three-square bulrush. The fruit is seed-like, surrounded by scales, and borne toward the tip of the stems.

Cultivation

Chairmaker's bulrush is an emergent wetland species adapted to both fresh and brackish water. It grows in mudflats and water margins with a regular inundation of up to 12". It forms loose colonies via a rhizomatous root system, and is an effective soil stabilizer. It is best grown in full sun. Zones 3-9

Additional Notes

Schoenoplectus americanus offers cover to a variety of waterfowl, small mammals, reptiles and amphibians. The species is broadly distributed in both North and South America. The stems have been used as a weaving material, hence the common name chairmaker's bulrush. It is important to note that the common genus name (bulrush) as well as many of the species' common names (chairmaker's bulrush, American bulrush, bayonet rush) are misleading: this is a member of the Sedge family (Cyperaceae) and not the Rush family (Juncaceae).

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, ID, KS, LA, MA, MD, MI, MO, MS, MT, NC, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OK, OR, RI, SC, TX, UT, VA, WA, WY

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Threatened: MI

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Cyperales
Family Cyperaceae Sedge family
Genus Schoenoplectus bulrush
Species Schoenoplectus americanus chairmaker's bulrush