Plant types and subtypes: Perennials
Light Requirements: part-sun, part-shade
Water Use: low, medium
Soil Moisture: dry, moist
Soil Description: acid, average, poor, clay, sand, gravel/rock
Bloom Time: April, May, June, July
Bloom Color: red
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, attracts hummingbirds, clumping, cottage garden plant, rock garden plant, shade garden plant, woodland plant
Pricing & Availability
Silene virginicaAlso known as:
The conspicuous, vibrant-red flowers of fire pink, consist of five long, narrow, notched petals which radiate outward from their tubular bases. Flowers are carried in loose clusters atop slender, hairy stems up to 3 feet tall. The green leaves are lance-shaped and turn reddish-green in winter.
Silene virginica can be found growing in dry, open woods, on rocky wooded slopes, and along roadsides. It will do best in acidic, poor soil in dappled shade, but will tolerate more sun in cooler climate. It will tolerate moist soil, so long as it is well drained. This species is short-lived (2-3 years). It is therefore recommended to allow it to self seed, to ensure a steady rotation of new plants. Fire pink has a long bloom time, starting in mid-spring; as early as April and as late as July depending on geographic location. Zones 4-8
Self seeds readily. Stored seeds will do best if cold stratified before sowing. Can be propagated by division in early spring or fall, and also by softwood cuttings.
Hummingbirds are the main pollinators of fire pink. A host of birds will feast on its seeds. This popular perennial is ideal to brighten semi-shaded rock gardens.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, VA, WI, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Endangered: FL, WI
- Threatened: MI
|Species||Silene virginica||fire pink|