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Solidago nemoralis

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Plant types and subtypes: Perennials

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade

Water Use: low

Soil Moisture: dry

Soil Description: acid, neutral, alkaline, rich, average, poor, loam, clay, sand, gravel/rock

Height: 6"-30"

Bloom Time: July, August, September, October

Bloom Color: yellow

Leaf Color: gray-green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts butterflies, colonizing, cut flowers, drought tolerant, naturalizing, rock garden plant

Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)
  • Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)
  • Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)
  • Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Solidago nemoralis

Also known as:

gray goldenrod

,

prairie goldenrod

,

old field goldenrod

,

grayleaf goldenrod

,

gray-leaved goldenrod

,

dwarf goldenrod

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Seldom growing taller than 2 feet, Solidago nemoralis is one of the shorter species of goldenrods. The hairy stems, and narrow lance-shaped leaves are grayish green, hence the common name gray goldenrod. The yellow flowers form dense, narrow clusters on the upper 8" of gently arching stems, and are only borne on the outside of the arch. This growth habit gives the plant an overall elegant, vase-like appearance. Bloom period begins in fall and lasts about a month. Flowering stems on an individual plant may bloom at different times, therefore extending its bloom period.

Cultivation

Solidago nemoralis can easily be grown in all types of soil, including poor, rocky ones. It prefers dry conditions in full sun. It has a strong, fibrous and rhizhomatous root system, making it a good choice to stabilize exposed slopes, and protect disturbed areas against erosion. It may spread from seed, but does so less aggressively than other goldenrods. This species will slowly colonize, and form dense clumps via its root system. Can be used effectively in low growing wildflower meadows, rock gardens, and sunny perennial borders. Easy to grow, low maintenance, and very cold hardy. Zones 3-8

Propagation

Germination rates are low, but can be increased by subjecting seeds to a period of cold stratification. Clump divisions should be done in early spring as new growth begins to emerge. Make sure that each division has at least one bud, and a healthy section of root. Softwood cuttings in late spring will also produce good results.

Additional Notes

Solidago nemoralis is underutilized, and deserving of more attention. Very attractive to a variety of bees and butterflies. A good candidate for late season cut flower arrangements.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae Aster family
Genus Solidago goldenrod
Species Solidago nemoralis gray goldenrod