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Trillium cuneatum

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Plant types and subtypes: Perennials

Light Requirements: shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: rich, loam

Height: 12"-18"

Bloom Time: March, April

Bloom Color: crimson, bronze, brown

Leaf Color: green, gray-green, multi-color

Hardiness Zone: 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: clumping, deer resistant, fragrant flowers, ornamental foliage, shade garden plant, woodland plant

Flower and foliage of Trillium cuneatum (toad trillium)
  • Flower and foliage of Trillium cuneatum (toad trillium)
  • Flower and foliage of Trillium cuneatum (toad trillium)
  • Flower and foliage of Trillium cuneatum (toad trillium)
  • Flower and foliage of Trillium cuneatum (toad trillium)

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Description

Trillium cuneatum

Also known as:

little sweet Betsy

,

toad trillium

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Little sweet Betsy produces a maroon colored flower that never fully opens, forming a contrasting spike that sits atop 3 broad, gray-green variegated leaves. This plant will reach a height of 12 to 18 inches. The flower sits right atop the leaves without a stem.

Cultivation

Trillium cuneatum grows in deciduous forest where direct sunlight is all but absent. It prefers rich, organic, acid, well drained soil that remains consistently moist. It will tolerate some alkalinity. Best planted in groups, it blooms in early spring when the first new leaves appear on the surrounding trees: March and April. Zones 6-8

Propagation

Established clumps can be divided in summer. Slow to propagate from seed.

Additional Notes

The bold contrasts between geometric and organic patterns, deep maroon and silvery green, make this an attention grabbing plant for a shade garden. The flowers are lightly fragrant. Mulching will help maintain adequate moisture and acidity levels. All members of the Trillium genus have leaves and petals that grow in multiples of three, hence their botanical name.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, GA, IL, KY, MD, MS, NC, PA, SC, TN, VA

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae Lily family
Genus Trillium trillium
Species Trillium cuneatum little sweet Betsy