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Trillium recurvatum

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Plant types and subtypes: Perennials

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, rich, loam

Height: 6"-16"

Bloom Time: April, May

Bloom Color: crimson, purple, brown

Leaf Color: green, purple, multi-color

Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7

Additional Tags: clumping, ornamental foliage, shade garden plant, woodland plant

Flower of Trillium recurvatum (bloody butcher)
  • Flower of Trillium recurvatum (bloody butcher)
  • Flower of Trillium recurvatum (bloody butcher)
  • Flower of Trillium recurvatum (bloody butcher)
  • Flower of Trillium recurvatum (bloody butcher)

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Description

Trillium recurvatum

Also known as:

bloody butcher

,

prairie trillium

,

wood lily

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

The flowers of Trillium recurvatum can be crimson red, hence the common names bloody butcher. The sepals are curved downward, or "reflexed", hence the specific epithet recurvatum. The stemless flowers appear atop the green and purple mottled leaves. Barely growing over 15" in height, this Trillium is a woodland beauty.

Cultivation

A worry free woodland wildflower, bloody butcher will tolerate a moderate amount of sun, making it a good candidate for the margin of a shade garden. It prefers rich, organic, acid, well drained soil that remains consistently moist. Best planted in groups, it blooms in late spring, April to May. Zones 5-7

Propagation

Established clumps can be divided in summer. Slow to propagate from seed.

Additional Notes

Once established, Trillium recurvatum will form a clump with an increasing number of flowers. Mulching will help maintain adequate moisture and acidity levels. All members of the Trillium genus have leaves and petals that grow in multiples of three, hence their botanical name.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MI, MO, MS, NC, OH, OK, PA, TN, TX, WI

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Threatened: MI

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae Lily family
Genus Trillium trillium
Species Trillium recurvatum bloody butcher