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Trillium sessile

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Plant types and subtypes: Perennials

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, rich, loam, sand

Height: 6"-12"

Bloom Time: April, May

Bloom Color: red, crimson, purple

Leaf Color: green, gray-green, silver, multi-color

Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7

Additional Tags: clumping, fragrant flowers, ornamental foliage, shade garden plant, woodland plant

Trillium sessile (toadshade)
  • Trillium sessile (toadshade)
  • Trillium sessile (toadshade)
  • Trillium sessile (toadshade)
  • Trillium sessile (toadshade)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Trillium sessile

Also known as:

toadshade

,

wood lily

,

red trillium

,

wakerobin

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Trillium sessile produces a fragrant, deep red colored flower that never fully opens, forming a contrasting spike that sits atop 3 broad, gray-green variegated leaves. This plant will reach a height of 12 inches. The flower sits right atop the leaves without a stem. This species is similar to Trillium cuneatum, but shorter, and with flowers that tend more toward red hues rather than brown.

Cultivation

Toadshade grows in deciduous forest where direct sunlight is all but absent. It prefers rich, organic, acid, well drained soil that remains consistently moist. Best planted in groups, it blooms in early spring when the first new leaves appear on the surrounding trees: April and May. Zones 5-7

Propagation

Established clumps can be divided in summer. Slow to propagate from seed.

Additional Notes

The bold contrasts between geometric and organic patterns, deep maroon and silvery green, make this an attention grabbing plant for a shade garden. The flowers are lightly fragrant. Mulching will help maintain adequate moisture and acidity levels. All members of the Trillium genus have leaves and petals that grow in multiples of three, hence their botanical name.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, DC, IL, IN, KS, KY, MD, MI, MO, NC, NY, OH, OK, PA, TN, VA, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: NY
  • Threatened: MI

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae Lily family
Genus Trillium trillium
Species Trillium sessile toadshade