Plant types and subtypes: Perennials
Light Requirements: part-shade, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: moist
Soil Description: acid, rich, loam, sand
Bloom Time: April, May
Bloom Color: red, crimson, purple
Leaf Color: green, gray-green, silver, multi-color
Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7
Additional Tags: clumping, fragrant flowers, ornamental foliage, shade garden plant, woodland plant
Pricing & Availability
Trillium sessileAlso known as:
Trillium sessile produces a fragrant, deep red colored flower that never fully opens, forming a contrasting spike that sits atop 3 broad, gray-green variegated leaves. This plant will reach a height of 12 inches. The flower sits right atop the leaves without a stem. This species is similar to Trillium cuneatum, but shorter, and with flowers that tend more toward red hues rather than brown.
Toadshade grows in deciduous forest where direct sunlight is all but absent. It prefers rich, organic, acid, well drained soil that remains consistently moist. Best planted in groups, it blooms in early spring when the first new leaves appear on the surrounding trees: April and May. Zones 5-7
Established clumps can be divided in summer. Slow to propagate from seed.
The bold contrasts between geometric and organic patterns, deep maroon and silvery green, make this an attention grabbing plant for a shade garden. The flowers are lightly fragrant. Mulching will help maintain adequate moisture and acidity levels. All members of the Trillium genus have leaves and petals that grow in multiples of three, hence their botanical name.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, DC, IL, IN, KS, KY, MD, MI, MO, NC, NY, OH, OK, PA, TN, VA, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Endangered: NY
- Threatened: MI