Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Evergreens, Conifers
Light Requirements: part-sun, part-shade, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: moist
Soil Description: acid, rich, gravel/rock
Bloom Time: April
Bloom Color: yellow
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7
Additional Tags: edible, evergreen, fall interest, hedging plant, ornamental foliage, shade garden plant, showy fruit, woodland plant
Pricing & Availability
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Tsuga canadensisAlso known as:
Tsuga canadensis is a tall growing evergreen tree that reach heights of 70 feet.
Best planted in rich, acidic well drained soil, in full to light shade. It is intolerant of drought. Though it can grow to impressive heights, it is commonly used as a hedging plant. Its growth can be kept in check for years, with regular pruning. Can also be used as a lawn specimen, or a windbreak.
Though there are poisonous hemlocks (Cicuta maculata and Conium maculatum), Tsuga canadensis is not one of them. Young twigs and leaves have been brewed as tea, going back to the colonial days. The bark was once harvested as a source of tannin, for use in the leather industry.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, CT, DC, DE, GA, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
|Species||Tsuga canadensis||eastern hemlock|