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Tsuga canadensis

eastern hemlock add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Evergreens, Conifers

Light Requirements: part-sun, part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, rich, gravel/rock

Height: 40'-70'

Bloom Time: April

Bloom Color: yellow

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7

Additional Tags: edible, evergreen, fall interest, hedging plant, ornamental foliage, shade garden plant, showy fruit, woodland plant

Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
  • Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
  • Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
  • Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
  • Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Tsuga canadensis

Also known as:

eastern hemlock

,

Canadian hemlock

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Tsuga canadensis is a tall growing evergreen tree that reach heights of 70 feet.

Cultivation

Best planted in rich, acidic well drained soil, in full to light shade. It is intolerant of drought. Though it can grow to impressive heights, it is commonly used as a hedging plant. Its growth can be kept in check for years, with regular pruning. Can also be used as a lawn specimen, or a windbreak.

Additional Notes

Though there are poisonous hemlocks (Cicuta maculata and Conium maculatum), Tsuga canadensis is not one of them. Young twigs and leaves have been brewed as tea, going back to the colonial days. The bark was once harvested as a source of tannin, for use in the leather industry.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, CT, DC, DE, GA, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Subclass
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae Pine family
Genus Tsuga hemlock
Species Tsuga canadensis eastern hemlock