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Viburnum nudum

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Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Trees, Shrub-like Trees, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist, wet

Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, average, loam, clay, sand

Height: 12'-20'

Bloom Time: June, July

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Additional Tags: attracts birds, berries, bog plant, edible, fall interest, fragrant flowers, pond margin plant, showy fruit, stream margin plant, wetland plant

Flowers of Viburnum nudum (possumhaw)
  • Flowers of Viburnum nudum (possumhaw)
  • Flowers of Viburnum nudum (possumhaw)
  • Fruit of Viburnum nudum (possumhaw)
  • Viburnum nudum (possumhaw)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Viburnum nudum

Also known as:

possumhaw

,

naked viburnum

,

smooth witherod

,

possumhaw viburnum

,

wild raisin

,

swamp haw

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Viburnum nudum is an attractive shrub, also considered a small tree. It typically grows up to a height of 20'. The form is roundish and naturally symmetrical. It is deciduous in colder climates and semi-deciduous in its southernmost range. The leaves are ovate, up to 6" long, dark green, turning splendid shades of red, burgundy and purple in fall. The small, creamy-white flowers are borne in terminal, flat-topped, 6" clusters and mildly fragrant. These give way to clusters of small, oval, berry-like fruit. The drupes will be green at first, turning shades of pink, blue then purple as they ripen, and ultimately near black in late fall. These may persist through winter.

Cultivation

Viburnum nudum is typically associated with wetlands and will withstand seasonal and irregular periods of inundation. However, it is quite possibly the easiest native viburnum to cultivate. It will adapt to most soils, all light conditions, and is even drought tolerant within its natural range once established. It does not require pruning to maintain a nice, round, symmetrical shape. The lower limbs can be removed to give it a tree form. Bloom performance will be best with more sun. Booms in June and July. Zones: 3-9

Propagation

Propagation from seed is slow, as they can take 2 years to germinate. Viburnum nudum is very easy to propagate from softwood cuttings taken in late spring, and will produce gallon-size plants by the following year.

Additional Notes

Possumhaw commercially underutilized species that provides year round visual interest. The abundant fruit are consumed by a variety of birds and small mammals. There is some disagreement in the botanical community as to nomenclature. This species is often divided into separate varieties pointing to slight differences in characteristics.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: IN, KY, NY, PA
  • Special Concern: CT
  • Threatened: RI

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Dipsacales
Family Caprifoliaceae Honeysuckle family
Genus Viburnum viburnum
Species Viburnum nudum possumhaw