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Viburnum prunifolium

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Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Trees, Shrub-like Trees, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, average, loam, clay, sand

Height: 12'-20'

Bloom Time: April, May, June

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, berries, drought tolerant, edible, fall interest, hedging plant, showy fruit

Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw)
  • Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw)
  • Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw)
  • Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw)
  • Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Viburnum prunifolium

Also known as:

blackhaw

,

smooth black-haw

,

blackhaw viburnum

Scientific Synonyms:

Viburnum bushii

Description

Viburnum prunifolium is a multi-stemmed deciduous, highly ornamental shrub, that may be trimmed up to obtain more of a tree form. As a shrub, it usually grows to 15'. Formed as a tree, it can grow to 25' or more. The white flower clusters are very showy and large. These give way to attractive clusters of dark blue-black edible berries. Fall will produce good leaf color in shades of red to purple.

Cultivation

Found moist, open woods, Viburnum prunifolium is well adapted to part-shade. It is not particular about soil, and established plants are quite drought resistant within the species' natural range. It makes a good choice for a hedging shrub. Regular pruning and full sun, will produce better floral displays. Any trimming should be done immediately after flowering, because the following year's buds are formed during summer. Bloom times are from April to June. Zones 5-8

Propagation

Best propagated from softwood cuttings taken in spring. Propagation from seed is possible but slow. Stored seeds will require a period of cold stratification to break dormancy.

Additional Notes

Blackhaw is very easy to grow and can be used as a specimen in a residential garden, or planted in groups to create tall informal hedges in large, open spaces. The tart fruit can be made into preserves, jams and jellies, or eaten fresh off the shrub.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Special Concern: CT

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Dipsacales
Family Caprifoliaceae Honeysuckle family
Genus Viburnum viburnum
Species Viburnum prunifolium blackhaw