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Zizia aurea

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Plant types and subtypes: Perennials

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist, wet

Soil Description: neutral, average, clay, sand, gravel/rock

Height: 18"-30"

Bloom Time: May, June

Bloom Color: yellow

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts butterflies, cottage garden plant, naturalizing, ornamental foliage

Flowers of Zizia aurea (heartleaf Alexanders)
  • Flowers of Zizia aurea (heartleaf Alexanders)
  • Flowers of Zizia aurea (heartleaf Alexanders)
  • Flowers of Zizia aurea (heartleaf Alexanders)
  • Zizia aurea (heartleaf Alexanders)

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Description

Zizia aurea

Also known as:

golden zizia

,

golden alexanders

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

An upright perennial with attractive green, divided and serrated leathery leaves, Zizia aurea has long been popular for its showy yellow flowers. These form 3" to 4" terminal umbels that cluster together to create and impressive display that will last for several weeks. The seeds and foliage turn purplish in fall, adding late season interest to the garden.

Cultivation

Low maintenance and easy to grow, golden Alexanders are an excellent choice for a cottage garden, perennial border, or a transitional flower bed. It prefers full sun, but will tolerate some shade under an open canopy. Moist, well-drained soil is best, however it is well adapted to wet conditions and dry conditions (so long as it receives enough moisture early in the growing season). Bloom times are between late spring and early summer, a transitional period during which few other perennials are in flower. Zones 3-9

Propagation

Propagate by division or root cuttings in early spring. Seeds should be sown in fall, or spring following a period of stratification.

Additional Notes

Zizia aurea is a member of the Carrot family and both seeds and leaves contain aromatic oils.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Special Concern: RI

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Apiales
Family Apiaceae Carrot family
Genus Zizia zizia
Species Zizia aurea golden zizia